In “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema” Bazin speaks o: the image as being evaluated not according to what it adds t< reality but what it reveals of it. "The Evolution of the Language of Cinema". Andre Bazin. Jean Renoir; Precursor to Welles, understood the importance of depth; Orson Welles. Film critic Andre Bazin had very strong feelings on the subject of montage and realism. In his article “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema”, he explains his .

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The original polyvalence having developed its potential, these are henceforth bound up with sub- tleties and complexities of form such that to attack them is to com- promise the whole work itself, Under the direct influence of archi- tectural sculpture Raphael and Da Vinci were already attacking Michelangelo for evoution painting a efolution autonomous art.

However we cannot pass in review all the films that have shared in this revolution in film language since They would present the reality a little more forcefully. But in neither event would the scene have un- folded before the camera in its physical and spatial reality.

By the end of the silent era, one can consider this arsenal to have been complete.

The Evolution of the Language of Cinema

In the Middle Ages, the great Christian themes are to be found alike in theater, painting, stained-glass windows, and so on.

We would undoubtedly find scattered among the works of others elements of nonexpressionistic cinema in which montage plays no part — even including Griffith, 27 But these examples suffice to reveal, at the very heart of the silent film, a cinematographic art the very opposite of that which has been identified as “cinema par excellence,” a language the semantic and syntactical unit of which is in no sense the Shot; in which the image is evaluated not according to what it adds to reality but what it reveals of it.

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Blerta Basholli rated it it was amazing Nov off, Conversely, one admires dramatic and moral themes which, although not entirely creations of the cinema, were raised to a certain nobility, to an artistic effectiveness that they would not have achieved without it.

Dependent on logic for its effects, like vaudeville and plays on words, entirely conventional in its moral and sociological content, American comedy had everything to gain, in strict line-by-line progression, from the rhythmic resources of classical editing. The apparent action and the meaning we attribute to it do not exist, to all intents and purposes, prior to the assembling of the film, not even in the form of fragmented scenes out of which the set ups are generally composed.

The first film-makers effectively extracted what was of use to them from the art with which they were about to win their public, name- ly the circus, the provincial theater, and the music hall, which pro- vided slapstick films, especially, with both technique and actors.

Back to the character in medium shot who walks slowly towards the camera. The opposite is true of Le Ballon Rouge.

Andre Bazin “The Evolution of the Language of Cinema” by Eric Ni on Prezi

Always too there was in him that capacity characteristic of great teachers to bring out what was best in others, well described by Touchard as a “Socratic capacity to make those who talked to him seem intelligent to themselves” Indeed one might call him the Aristotle of the cinema and his writing its Poetics. But the neutrality of this ‘invisible’ breakdown of sequences does not take into account the full possibilities of editing. If the cinema were two or three thousand years old we would undoubtedly see more clearly that it does not lie outside the common laws of the evolution of the arts.

It is my view, and I shall prove it, that this film ought not to, nor can it, owe anything to montage. Inthe sound cinema had reached a point which geographers call the line of equilibrium of a river, i. The artist was now in a posi- tion to create the illusion of three-dimensional space within which things appeared to exist as our eyes in reality see them, Thenceforth painting was torn between two ambitions: But over and above this ele- mentary aspect, it is quite evident that anthropomorphism derives from a form of analogical knowledge that psychological investiga- tion cannot explain, still less refute.

Flaherty as a rule understood this, except in a few places where, as f a consequence, there is a failure of consistency. By the power of pho- tography, the natural image of a world that we neither know nor can see, nature at last does more than imitate art: Dramatic effects for which we had formerly relied on montage were created out of the movements of the actors within a fixed framework.

Readings: The Evolution of the Language of Cinema |

The expression of concrete duration conflicts with the abstract time of montage as Citizen Kane and Ambersons so well illustrate. Even after the appearance of cellu- loid strips Lumiere tried to use paper film. One finds it less easy to understand that it should place an increased volume of experience at the service of material foreign to its genius, as if its capacity for invention was in inverse proportion to its powers of expression.

Bazin rejects all the commonly accepted notions and pro- poses a radical change of perspective. Bazin highlights two opposing trends within cinema of the oss. University of California Press, cpp. It did not spurn the humbler and despised forms of the theater, of the fairground, or of the penny dreadful.

The story w as told by a succession of shots, which varied very little in number around six hundred per film. Again, the confused pattern of this aesthetic complex is aggravated by certain sociological factors.

An Analysis of Film Critic Andre Bazin’s Views on Expressionism and Realism in Film

As for the automatons of the eighteenth century their relation to cinema is like the relation of painting to photography. Hence, in spite of the concrete nature of each shot, it would have had the impact only of a story an d not of a real event. The thd of his direction, a simple one, is to look at the world from so close and with such insistence that it ends up by revealing its cruelty and its ugliness.

evopution The newsletter highlights recent selections from the journal and useful tips from our blog. Above all, certain situations can only be said to exist cinemato graphically to the extent that their spatial unity is established, especially comedy situations that are based on the relations between human beings and things.

However, the reciprocal fact is also true. It would obviously be languwge to deny that montage has added considerably to the progress of film language, but this has happened at the cost of other values, no less definitely cinematic. It draws from it the secret of the regeneration of realism in storytelling and thus of becoming capable once more of bringing together real time, in which things exist, along with the duration of the action, for cine,a classical editing had insidiously substituted mental and abstract time.